Russia 1st satellite ‘Arktika-M’ Launches to monitor Arctic climate & environment
Russia will launch its 1st Arktika-M satellite by December 9, 2020 to monitor the Arctic climate and environment
About Arktika-M satellite
- This remote-sensing and emergency communications satellite is the No.1 one spacecraft ever developed
- It is being radio-electronic tested
- It will collect meteorological data in the Earth’s polar regions, which will help scientists to better study climate change, with permission to improve weather forecasts
- It is being built to monitor high-latitude areas of the Earth
- Their payload consist of MSU-GSM (Microwave Sounding Unit-Global System for Mobile communication) multi-spectral imager and transmitters for meteorological & rescue process
- Launches from Baikonur space center (Kazakhstan) using a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket with a freegate booster
- The 2nd Arktika-M satellite is still under development and may be launched in 2023
What is the need of launching it?
- In the Arctic Circle, the climate is generally cold, but in the coastal areas of Norway, as a result of the Gulf Stream, temperatures remain relatively high, keeping the ports of northern Norway and northwest Russia ice-free throughout the year
- In the interiors, summers are quite hot, while winters are extremely cold.
- It is the northernmost of the five major regions marked by latitude in the Earth’s map
- The northern region of this circle is known as the Arctic and the southern region is called the northern temperate zone
Why is Climate Change Study in Polar important?
- The polar ice is depleting at faster rate
- The Depleting ice releases methane and contribute to climate change as a whole
- The ice in the polar region reflects incoming solar radiation
- This will cause heating up of water leading to ocean acidification
- Also, ocean will begin to absorb more heat increasing global warming.