Russia 1st satellite ‘Arktika-M’ Launches to monitor Arctic climate & environment

Russia 1st satellite ‘Arktika-M’ Launches to monitor Arctic climate & environment

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Russia 1st satellite ‘Arktika-M’ Launches to monitor Arctic climate & environment

Russia will launch its 1st Arktika-M satellite by December 9, 2020 to monitor the Arctic climate and environment

About Arktika-M satellite

    • This remote-sensing and emergency communications satellite is the No.1 one spacecraft ever developed
    • It is being radio-electronic tested
    • It will collect meteorological data in the Earth’s polar regions, which will help scientists to better study climate change, with permission to improve weather forecasts
    • It is being built to monitor high-latitude areas of the Earth
    • Their payload consist of MSU-GSM (Microwave Sounding Unit-Global System for Mobile communication) multi-spectral imager and transmitters for meteorological & rescue process
    • Launches from Baikonur space center (Kazakhstan) using a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket with a freegate booster
    • The 2nd Arktika-M satellite is still under development and may be launched in 2023

What is the need of launching it?

  • In the Arctic Circle, the climate is generally cold, but in the coastal areas of Norway, as a result of the Gulf Stream, temperatures remain relatively high, keeping the ports of northern Norway and northwest Russia ice-free throughout the year
  • In the interiors, summers are quite hot, while winters are extremely cold.

Arctic Circle

  • It is the northernmost of the five major regions marked by latitude in the Earth’s map
  • The northern region of this circle is known as the Arctic and the southern region is called the northern temperate zone

Why is Climate Change Study in Polar important?

    • The polar ice is depleting at faster rate
    • The Depleting ice releases methane and contribute to climate change as a whole
    • The ice in the polar region reflects incoming solar radiation
    • This will cause heating up of water leading to ocean acidification
    • Also, ocean will begin to absorb more heat increasing global warming.

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