Daily Current Affairs 29th April 2020

Daily Current Affairs 29th April 2020

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NTRO Report says Increase in Cyber Attacks due to work from home

NTRO Report says Increase in Cyber Attacks due to work from home

What is the News?

    • National Technical Research Organization on April 29, 2020 reported that the number of cyber attacks in the country increased due to the work from home
    • According to the report, the critical sectors may fall prey to inimical forces to relax geofencing restrictions that are granted to employees.

What are the sectors under attack?

    • Public enterprises
    • Government undertakings
    • Banking
    • Power
    • Telecom
    • Transport
    • Energy

Reason for attack?

    • Due to several companies relaxed their geofencing restrictions in order to allow their employees to work from home.

What is the issue?

Cyber criminals are impersonating officials from health organizations and other government enterprises, seek donations through malicious e-mail attachments.

What are the actions taken by the Govt?

    • The Ministry of Home Affairs instructed the firms to track all CRUD (Create, Read, Update and Delete) activities in their IdAM (Identity and Access Management)
    • The ministry has asked the firms to stay resilient against ransomware attacks

National Technical Research Organization

    • The NTRO set up in 2004
    • It is a technical intelligence agency
    • It cts under the National Security Advisor of India in the Prime Minister Office

India Participated Petersberg Climate Dialogue 2020

India Participated Petersberg Climate Dialogue

Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate change Shri Prakash Javadekar on April 28, 2020 attended the 11th session of “Petersberg Climate Dialogue” representing India.

Notable points

    • The dialogue hosted by Germany
    • It was co-chaired by United Kingdom
    • The dialogue discussed about measures to tackle COVID-19
    • It is to save lives and to overcome social and economic consequences of the disease
    • It also discussed about the preparatory steps in moving into the implementation phase of Paris Agreement.

India’s Suggestions at the meet

    • India suggested to have a Climate Technology that is open to everyone at affordable cost
    • India also suggested to create 1 trillion USD grant to the developing world immediately.

About the Dialogue

    • The Dialogue organized by Germany since the failure of Copenhagen Summit in 2009
    • The dialogue is usually attended by the Environmental Ministers

Copenhagen Summit

  • The Copenhagen Summit failed to deliver a climate deal
  • The 2009 it is known as Copenhagen Summit It was held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • At the summit, the Copenhagen Accord drafted
  • The Developed countries under the accord agreed to pledge up to 30 billion USD.

Other major UNFCCC

    • In 2010, the Green Climate Fund was established
    • In 2012, the Kyoto Protocol was adopted
    • In 2015, the Paris Agreement was adopted

Hospital Care Assistive Robotic Device HCARD Robot Launched

Hospital Care Assistive Robotic Device HCARD Robot Launched

Why in News?

The robotic device HCARD, Hospital Care Assistive Robotic Device was launched on April 29, 2020


    • The HCARD works on war footing mechanism to reduce the impact of COVID-19 through technological interventions
    • The device has drawers that will provide food to patients
    • The device will also collect samples from patients

Why HCARD Launched?

    • It is to help frontline health care workers
    • The robot helps them in maintaining physical distance from the COVID-19 infected persons.

Who developed HCARD?

    • The HCARD developed by CSIR laboratory located in Durgapur.

How HCARD works?

    • The device is capable of working in both automatic and manual mode
    • It can be monitored and controlled using a control station or a nursing booth
    • The cost of the device is Rs 5 lakhs and it weighs 80 kilograms.

Importance of this device

  • It is important to save the public and help in optimal use of Personal Protective Equipment With the robot being employed at hospitals, the chances of medical professionals such as lab technicians, nurses or doctors meeting or interacting with the patients decreases and so does the usage of PPEs
  • Also, the medical professionals working in the frontline, with direct contact with the COVID-19 infected patients shall remain safe.
  • The device also helps in maintaining social distancing with the patients.

CSC’s to take over E-Commerce in rural areas

CSC’s to take over E-Commerce in rural areas

    • The Government of India announced On April 29, 2020 that the Common Service Centres now take over village level online retail chain
    • The step is expected to reach more than 60 crores of people in rural region.

Important Highlights

    • The Common Service Centres are to take over the jobs of E-commerce Giants Flipkart and Amazon in the rural regions.
    • The initiative is promoted by Government of India.
    • The village-level online retail chains are being created to address the difficulties created by the restrictions imposed on mobility.
    • GoI has plans to provide massive essential supplies through this initiative.
    • The outlets are to be set up and run by private individuals. However, they are to be monitored directly by the Ministry of electronics and IT.

What are Common Service Centres?

    • The Common Service Centres are to supply essential commodities like milk, vegetables, fruits, pulses, etc.
    • The consumers shall place their orders at these centres through special applications.
    • The Common Service Centres were established in 2006 under National E-Governance Plan.
    • They were to provide cost-effective, high quality voice and data services in the areas of education, telemedicine, e-governance and entertainment.
    • The CSC were established to access information to all rural citizens. It also helps in skill upgradation to the youth in the rural.

CSIR Electrostatic Disinfection Technology transferred for Commercialization

CSIR Electrostatic Disinfection Technology transferred for Commercialization

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – Central Scientific Instrument Organization (CSIR-CSIO) developed a technology for sanitization and effective disinfection

The CSIR-CSIO transferred the technology to a Nagpur based company Rite Water Solutions Private Limited

What the machine produces?

  • The machine produces fine and uniform droplets of disinfectants that kills micro organisms including virus.

What is the core advantage of this machine?

    • The main advantage of the machine is that it uses minimum limited disinfectant as compared to other conventional and manual methods.
    • The Disinfectant technology has been found to be highly effective and efficient to stop the spread of any pathogen.

On What principle they developed this machine?

The machine has been developed based on the electrostatic principle.

How is the device different ?

    • The device sprays charges droplets of disinfectants.
    • As the droplets are charged, they can cover obscured surfaces as well. This improves the efficiency and efficacy of the device to reach hidden areas.
    • The hidden areas always have greater possibility of viruses.

Swasth Bharat Abhiyan

    • The technology of electrostatic sprayer contributes to healthy life style and health care of the masses.
    • It is directly linked to Swasth Bharat Abhiyan.
    • The Swasth Bharat Abhiyan is implemented by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    • The yatra under the scheme was led by FSSAI.
    • The Swasth Bharat Yatra was launched in 2018 on the World Food Day (October 16).
    • The volunteers rallied and cycled to spread awareness about healthy diet.

Jawaharlal Nehru Centre of Advanced Scientific Research Developed Alzheimer Inhibitor

Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Developed Alzheimer Inhibitor

Why in News?

The scientists of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) operating under Department of Science and Technology invented a natural product for Alzheimer disease.


    • Alzheimer’s is a disorder that accounts for more than 70% of all types of dementia.
    • It is difficult to develop effective medication for the disease as the disease attributes to multifaceted toxicity.
    • The Berberine used in traditional medicines has been converted into Ber-D
    • Ber-D is antioxidant and soluble
    • On the other hand, Berberine is toxic to cells and poorly soluble
    • The natural product called Isoquinoline is also used
    • Isoquinoline is found in India and China and has been used in traditional medicines


    • The Ber-D invented prevents generation of Reactive Oxygen Species
    • It rescues biomacromolecules from oxidative damages
    • It prevents the accumulation of metal-dependent and independent Amyloid Beta
    • Amyloid Beta are the peptides of amino acids that build up around the brain cells

Cause of Alzheimer

    • The disease is caused due to abnormal build up of protein around the brain cells
    • Proteins are made up of amino acids
    • The drug invented prevents deposition of these proteins called Amyloid Beta around the brain cells.
    • The medicine invented also helps to prevent DNA damages

Task force on National Infrastructure Pipeline submits its report

Task force on National Infrastructure Pipeline submits its report

    • The task force on National Infrastructure Pipeline On April 29, 2020 submitted its final report to Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman
    • The report prepared for the year 2019-25

Notable Points

    • The summary of the report prepared by the task force on National Infrastructure Pipeline
    • The Finance Minister in her Union Budget Speech 2019-20 announced Rs 100 lakhs crore for the National Infrastructure Pipeline
    • The Task Force undertook bottom up approach to prepare the report
    • The report provided a detailed split up for the capital expenditure of Rs 111 lakh crore.
    • According to the report, projects of Rs 33 lakh crore are at conceptual stage
    • Also, the report suggests the funds to be allocated as 24% to energy sector, roads 18%, railways 12% and urban 17%.

What are the Recommendations given by this report

The following recommendations made by the task force

    • A Committee to be set up to monitor NIP progress. This will help to eliminate delays
    • A Steering Committee be set up at ministerial level to follow the implementation
    • A Steering Committee be set up to raise financial resources for NIP.

What is the National Infrastructure Pipeline?

    • The National Infrastructure Pipeline is the first of its kind
    • It aims to improve quality life of the citizens in the country
    • The project will aim to attract investments
    • It has set a target of making India a 5 trillion USD economy by 2025.

What are the Functions of the Task Force?

    • The Task Force constituted to identify financially economical and feasible infrastructure
    • It has tasked to estimate the annual infrastructure investment and capital costs
    • The task force employed to monitor projects in order to minimize costs.

Infrastructure Vision 2025

The GoI has framed the Infrastructure Vision 2025. The main aspirations of the vision are as follows

    • To provide affordable and clean energy
    • To provide 100% digital coverage to all
    • To provide world class quality education.
    • To provide housing and water supply
    • To double farmers’ income by 2022

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