Why in News?
The Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) On April 24, 2020 stated that it is going to launch China’s first Mars Exploration mission as Tianwen 1 and also stated that from now onwards all the planetary missions are to be named as Tianwen series.
- Tianwen means Heavenly Questions
- The Chinese Mars mission includes orbiting, landing and roving on the planet mars
Is there any mission launched earlier?
- Earlier in 2011, China sent its exploratory probe called Yinghuo-I
- They sent it through Russian spacecraft
- The spacecraft declared lost after it burnt during its re-entry.
World Mars Missions
- India, Russia, European Union and United States have succeeded in sending missions to
- Mars India’s mars mission is “Mangalyaan”
- It was launched in 2013 by ISRO
- India is the 4th nation in the world to reach Mars after Russia, USA and European Union